What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia? A Short Overview

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia pertains to the pain and discomfort resulting from prostate enlargement. The growth of the prostate is a natural part of aging. However, in some men, the growing size of the prostate gland can cause pain, discomfort, and hinder urinary functions.

What are the Indications of BPH?

BPH symptoms generally exacerbate over time as the prostate continues to grow. These include:

  • Frequent or Urgent Urination
  • Increased Nighttime Urination
  • Dribbling
  • Weak Urinary Stream

In certain cases, the condition stabilizes and symptoms resolve by themselves. However, if you experience consistent symptoms, it’s crucial to discuss your condition with the Skyline Urology team.

How is BPH Diagnosed?

The process of diagnosing starts with a discussion about your symptoms and medical history. A physical examination may be needed to assess your overall health. Several tests can confirm BPH, including:

Digital Rectal Exam

The rectal exam allows your doctor to assess for prostate enlargement and any irregularities.

Urine Test

The urine test is utilized to rule out infections and similar conditions as the cause of your enlarged prostate.

Prostate-Specific Antigen Blood Test

The prostate-specific antigen test is a blood examination that checks the levels of prostate-specific antigen in the blood. Increased levels of prostate-specific antigen are indicative of BPH.

Depending on the complexity of your condition, your doctor may also perform a cystoscopy to inspect your urethra and bladder, or a prostate biopsy to rule out prostate cancer.

How is BPH Treated?

Treatment for your condition depends on factors such as your age, overall health, prostate size, and severity of symptoms. Treatment methods for BPH include medications, minimally invasive surgery, and laser therapy.

If your symptoms are bearable, your doctor might suggest holding off on treatment and monitoring your condition instead. At Skyline Urology, Dr. Park and Dr. Koo specialize in nonsurgical and minimally invasive methods for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia, including Urolift and Rezum.

Is BPH an Indicator of Prostate Cancer?

While BPH is noncancerous, the symptoms of BPH and prostate cancer are similar. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is not cancerous and does not increase your risk for cancer.

If you’re experiencing symptoms, consulting with the Skyline Urology team can help you rule out prostate cancer.